The market for academic services is large and diverse. Whether it’s about publishers, books, research services that quickly make documents and copies available from various libraries, or writing scientific texts, those who are prepared to pay the complex benefits will generally get the results they want – provided he employs reputable agencies or ghostwriters.
Anyone who wants to condemn academic ghostwriters as a lump sum, whether legal or ethical, is usually unaware of the structure of the market and its legal background. The current situation already allows fraudulent students who pretend to have written their own work to be prosecuted.
From a legal point of view, this solution is certainly sufficient, in practice the problem is hardly solved because it can be assumed that only a fraction of the cases of fraud will be recognized.
A whatsoever solution strategy should begin with the recognition and make the advance calculation for unfavorable fraudsters unfavorable; A student who realizes that the examiners know him personally – and can also assess him or her – will calculate much worse chances, if he submits a foreign work.
The best protection against the problem would be smaller, manageable seminar groups and colloquia, which allow good personal attention, where examiners learn to assess their students. In this way, it can be better controlled whether a text fits the person or not, whether it has characteristics that reveal something about the character, whether it contains emphases that fit the interests.
Unfortunately, the reverse is more the case: professors sometimes award topics according to the criterion of personal evaluation convenience and avoid examining the work intensively. This increases the risk of fraud.
Adequate financial resources of the universities, which would improve the personal care, would also reduce the incentive to commit fraud.
Unfortunately, with the current budgetary situation at federal, state and university level, such a strategy is a long way off and universities are producing graduates on a large scale, who are being trained according to the needs of the current economy.
The long-term social consequences of this approach are likely to be much higher than short-term gains. Nevertheless, a change is not foreseeable, instead it says: Continue as before!